Red Fox

Scientific Name: 
Vulpes vulpes

The red fox is the most widespread and abundant species of fox. It lives across the entire Northern Hemisphere in a wide range of habitats.

The red fox has reddish-brown fur with a white underbelly and black legs and ear tips. It has a bushy tail with a white tip. The typical length of an adult red fox ranges from 18 to 36 inches for the head and body with a tail ranging in length of 12 to 20 inches. They often weight between 10 to 20 pounds, though some have been weighed as much as 30 pounds.

Red foxes live in a range of habitats due to their wide distribution. They are equally likely to be found in open areas as they are forests. They also do equally well in colder climates as they do in warmer climates. Foxes live in dens dug into to earth. There is a main den for birthing and for shelter in colder months. There may also be several smaller dens dug within their territory and they are often connected to the main den by tunnels.
Red foxes are primarily carnivores, but they are also opportunistic, omnivorous eaters. They eat insects, mollusks, shellfish, fish, amphibians, reptiles, small rodents and birds. They also consume fruits, seeds and other foods they can scavenge. Red foxes are solitary hunters and usually keep their own prey. Male foxes share their prey with females (vixens) during mating and females will share with their young (kits).
The red fox lives across the entire Northern Hemisphere. Within North America, the red fox can be found nearly everywhere except Mexico and some southwestern portions of the United States.
Range Map: