The Red-Tailed Hawk is a member of the genus Buteo, a set of medium-sized raptors with broad wings and solid bodies. Adult Red-tailed Hawks have a 4-foot wingspan and weigh up to 3 1/2 pounds.
The Red-tailed Hawk's preferred habitat is a mix of forest and field, where trees provide perches from which the hawk can swoop down on prey. However, the Red-tailed Hawk can be found in a wide range of habitats, including forests, mountains, fields, deserts and even urban areas.
The Red-tailed Hawk is carnivorous and its diet is comprised primarily of small mammals. It may also prey on birds and reptiles. This hawk often hunts by resting in a high perch where its coloring provides natural camouflage and then swooping in on unsuspecting prey.
The Red-tailed Hawk breeds throughout most of North America. It ranges from as North as Alaska to the lower 48 United States.